The United Nations released its annual progress report on the Millennium Development Goals yesterday. The goals are targets set by a U.N. resolution in 2000 for improving global health and welfare by 2015. In the foreword to this year’s report, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon wrote that the results so far “represent a tremendous reduction in human suffering.”
They also represent continuing frustration on the hunger front. The number of hungry people – about 850 million – is roughly the same as it was in 1990. That’s down from 1 in 5 human beings to 1 in 7, but as the report admits, “progress in relieving food deprivation has slowed or stalled in many regions.” It looks highly unlikely that the world will reach the target of halving the proportion of undernourished people in the next three years.
Here’s the good news:
The not-so-good news is in employment, maternal mortality, more access to clean drinking water and, of course, progress on hunger.
The report notes that hunger hasn’t fallen nearly as fast as poverty rates, a fact that “calls for improved understanding of the dimensions and causes of hunger.” It seems high food and fuel prices, a lack of access to healthy food, and other factors are as important as a simple lack of money.